How to Distinguish Fabrics?

2019/08/12

For an fresh men, it’s difficult to understand the differences of various fabrics. This article tell you how to distinguish different fabrics. Cotton, combed cotton, mercerized cotton, spandex, nylon, acrylic, polypropylene, rayon viscose, bamboo fiber, modal, linen, and pima cotton, etc.

Cotton Fabric

cotton

Usually we all like to wear cotton clothes, but is cotton 100% cotton? The clothing manufacturer’s answer is no, that is, there are no 100% cotton socks. If the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then the socks are completely inelastic. The sock must be woven to be particularly wide to fit in. 100% cotton socks have a particularly high shrinkage rate and are not strong enough to wear. Generally, socks with a cotton content of more than 75% can be used as cotton socks. And socks with a cotton content of 85% are very high-grade cotton socks. Cotton socks also need to add some functional fibers to maintain the elasticity, fastness and comfort of the socks. Spandex, nylon, acrylic, polyester, etc. are very common functional fibers. It’s necessary to distinguish different cotton fabrics.

Combed cotton Fabric

Combed cotton is a kind of long, finer, tidy cotton fiber that is left after removing shorter fibers from ordinary fibers. Products of combed cotton feels smoother and more comfortable.

Mercerized cotton Fabric

Mercerized cotton is a cotton fiber obtained by subjecting ordinary cotton fibers to a mercerizing process in a concentrated alkali solution. This kind of cotton fiber has better gloss than ordinary cotton fiber. It is brighter, like silky ingredients, feels more lubricious, and less wrinkled. The color fastness is also higher than ordinary cotton yarn. Mercerized cotton is a midium-grade cotton, which is often seen in thin clothes in summer.

Spandex

spandex

Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber, with high elasticity and strong flexibility. The length of the stretch can reach 5-7 times than the fibrils. If clothes contains spandex, it will be more stretch and more fitting.

Lycra Fabric

Lycra is actually a kind of spandex fiber, a unique synthetic elastic fiber. It can be mixed with a variety of artificial and natural fibers. Its stretch and recovery properties can enhance all fabrics greatly.

Nylon Fabric

Nylon was developed by American scientist Carothers and his research team. It is the first synthetic fiber in the world. Its synthesis is a major breakthrough in the synthetic fiber industry and an important milestone in polymer chemistry.

Acrylic Fabric

Acrylic is soft, light and warm, and is known as “artificial wool”.  Its weight is 10% lighter than wool, but its strength is more than twice. Acrylic fiber will not be moldy, nor will it be worm-eaten. Acrylic is twice as resistant to sunlight as wool and 10 times more than cotton. The plush woven with acrylic fiber is particularly soft, but the acrylic fiber has a very large disadvantage that it is easy to pilling and has poor wear resistance. The addition of acrylic to the fabric is to enjoy its light and soft warmth. In fact, the fiber that mixes acrylic with cashmere wool is also called wool nitrile. It is a very popular wool variety in the 1970s and 1980s because acrylic and wool have excellent thermal insulation properties.

Polypropylene

Although polypropylene is almost not absorbing water. However, it can transfer water through the fibers in the fabric, which means that the clothes containing the polypropylene component have a very strong perspiration function. Moreover, since the strength of polypropylene is very high, it is often seen that sports clothes contains polypropylene.

Polyester Fabric

Compared with natural fibers, polyester fabric is lighter, and has good elasticity and bulkiness. In the past, people often wear bright shirts to enjoy its thinness. However, polyester fabric has some disadvantages. Low water content, poor gas permeability, easy pilling, and easy staining. It’s easy to distinguish polyester fabric from other fabrics.

Viscose Rayon Fabric

Viscose is a very common fiber component that can be seen on the label of some clothing ingredients, which is actually viscose fiber. Sellers often call it as rayon, ice silk, etc. Do not think that viscose is a non-natural product? In fact, viscose fiber is a fiber produced from cotton, bamboo or other natural fibers. The viscose fabric is characterized by softness and elegance. Adding viscose to the textile can make the hand feel smoother and shiny. Since the viscose is produced from natural fibers, we distinguish different viscose fabrics by the raw material.

Bamboo Viscose Fiber

In recent years, the most popular bamboo viscose fiber is also a viscose fiber. It is also called bamboo viscose rayon. The raw material of bamboo viscose fiber comes from bamboo. Because bamboo is much more regenerative than wood, it is more eco-friendly. Bamboo viscose fiber fabrics are also soft and elegant, comfortable to wear. And it has wear-resistant, no pilling, moisture absorption, quick drying and breathable features. It differs from viscose fiber such as cotton and wood in that it has good antibacterial properties and health care effects. Bamboo fiber pajamas can increase the microcirculatory blood flow of the human body, activate tissue cells, and make the human body produce a warming effect, which can effectively regulate the nervous system and clear the meridians to improve sleep quality.

Modal Fabric

This is a very popular textile fiber in recent years and belongs to the category of viscose. It is made from European eucalyptus. Modal is a 100% natural fabric that can be naturally decomposed and is harmless to the environment and the human body. The Modal fabric has a silky luster, a good drape, and a soft, smooth feel. Modal pajamas are soft and comfortable, and they are also a very popular in recent years. It is difficult to distinguish bamboo fiber and modal fabric from the appearance.

Linen Fabric

The linen fiber is soft and strong, and the high-density linen fabric is lustrous, wear-resistant and heat-dissipating, so it is very suitable for wearing in summer.

Pima Cotton Fabric

Pima cotton is a special long-staple cotton produced in the western and southwestern of the United States. It is one of the world’s four high-quality cotton. Pima cotton is characterized by slender cotton, strong toughness, high dyeing power. And because of the low yield, the price is much more expensive than ordinary cotton. It can only be seen on some famous clothing brands. The products of Pima cotton are very bright, the hand feeling is very smooth and the drape is also very good.

Remark:

High support and high density fabrics refer to more than 50S yarns with a density exceeding 200 per square inch.

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